Thesis Summary : Biphobia

*Ferena Debineva

What is Biphobia? Phobia of bees? Double phobia?

Humans are basically social creatures which urge them to interact with one another and compare themselves with other individuals. This self-comparing behavior involves attitude and evaluation towards other individuals and towards attributes the individual possesses. An individual that can’t be accepted in a group will most likely receive negative evaluations from other groups. Here is where bisexual lies, in the middle, in the gray area. Bisexuals are not straight, and not gay. They are staying in the gradation and the middle part of a continuous scale of sexual orientation (Ochs, 1996)

We are quite familiar with the term homophobia, transphobia, and even lesbophobia. Biphobia is defined as a prejudice towards bisexual and the rejection of bisexuality as a valid sexual orientation. What makes it different from homophobia is that, bisexuals face the discrimination not only from heterosexuals, and homosexuals as well.

Bisexual are usually viewed as indecisive, fence-sitter, promiscuous, and other such things. People often think that bisexuality itself is a phase, while others see bisexuals as the betrayer, and some others don’t even want to believe that you are a bisexual. Some others think that bisexuals are simply greedy and addicted to sex.

The fact that bisexuals face tension from the heterosexual and homosexual communities, leads the researcher to conduct a research about the differences of biphobia, or biphobic attitude towards bisexuals. The main objective of this undergraduate thesis research was to see the differences of biphobic attitudes between heterosexuals (male and female) and homosexuals (male and female) towards bisexuals (male and female) in young adulthood in Indonesia.

The research was held during July – October 2013 in Indonesia by filling up questionnaires. In total, 155 young adults had acted as participants (81 heterosexuals and 74 homosexuals) who voluntarily filled in questionnaires of Biphobia Scale Male, Biphobia Scale Female (Mulick & Wright Jr., 2011), and Klein Sexual Orientation Grid (Klein, 1993).

Independent t-test and ANOVA are used to see the difference between 4 groups (heterosexual man, heterosexual woman, homosexual man, and homosexual woman) with quantitative methods. Results of the research showed that there was a significant difference of biphobic attitude between the heterosexuals and homosexuals toward bisexuals, where the most negative biphobic attitude was found in male heterosexuals towards male bisexuals.

The impact of this research shows that biphobia does exist, in the heterosexual and homosexual communities towards bisexual. By knowing one’s attitude towards other, it helps to reduce discrimination by realizing such situation and finding a solution to diminish the prejudice, violence, and discrimination towards bisexuals and other sexual minorities.

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